Top Ten Exciting Career Options In Engineering

Engineering is a broad field with many different areas of specialization. No matter which engineering filed of specialization, engineers are in demand worldwide.

To be an engineer you typically need to study for a bachelor’s degree in a relevant engineering field. However, management jobs in engineering usually require a master’s degree. In most universities, A-level Physics or equivalent is a must for a student to study engineering courses.

1. Aeronautical Engineer

Aeronautical engineering involves the study of the design, development, and production of spacecraft, helicopters, passenger airliners, fighter planes, stealth jets and other airborne vehicles.

To become an aeronautical engineer you require a bachelor’s degree in aeronautical engineering or a related field. To study for a bachelor’s degree in aeronautical engineering, you require A-level passes in Mathematics, Physics and another sciences subject.

  • BSc Honours Aeronautical Engineering with the following options, Avionics(AEROV) OR Aviation Mechanics (AEROM) usually requires 3 A-level passes in Maths, Physics and Chemistry/Technical Drawing/Computing Science.

2. Computer Engineer (Software Engineer/ Hardware Engineer)

A computer engineer’s main duties are to create, develop and improve hardware and software programs that power computers. Computer engineering is a broad engineering field that includes software engineering and hardware engineering. Computer hardware engineers are electronics engineers who are responsible for the physical hardwares components such as processors, motherboards, hard drives, etc.

After the hardware is created, now comes the job of software engineers to turn the inanimate hardware into fully interactive computers. A software engineer designs, develops, installs and maintains computer software such as:

  • operating systems, e.g Windows and Linux
  • computer programs or computer applications eg Photoshop and Microsoft Office.

Software engineers rely on mathematics, programming and engineering skills to improve stability, security and functionality of computer softwares. Besides creating new softwares, they also improve existing software systems and fix software bugs.

To become a computer engineer you require a bachelor’s degree in computer engineering or a related field as shown below:

  • BSc Hons. Computer Engineering requires at least 2 A-level passes two of the following subjects or their recognised equivalents: Mathematics, Computer Science, Physics.
  • BSc Hons. Hardware Engineering requires at least 2 A-level passes two of the following subjects or their recognised equivalents: Mathematics, Computer Science, Physics.
  • BSc Hons. Software Engineering requires at least 2 A-level passes two of the following subjects or their recognised equivalents: Mathematics, Computer Science, Physics.
  • BSc Hons. Computer Science requires at least 2 A-level passes two of the following subjects or their recognised equivalents: Mathematics, Computer Science, Physics.

3. Agricultural Engineer

Usually when people hear about agricultural engineering they thinking of farming, however agricultural engineering encompasses in very wide engineering discipline that includes:

  • biotechnology
  • aquaculture
  • forestry
  • traditional farming
  • development of biofuels
  • ecosystem conservation methods
  • food technology
  • farm operation
  • pollution control
  • water conservation
  • land reclamation
  • etc

An entry-level agricultural engineer usually requires a bachelor’s degree in agricultural engineering or biological engineering.

3. Automotive Engineer

An automotive engineer’s main duties are to research, design and develop motor vehicles and their systems. An entry-level automotive engineer usually need a bachelor’s degree in automotive engineering or a related field. To study for an undergraduate degree in automotive engineering, you require A-level passes in Mathematics, Physics and another sciences subject.

BSc Honours Automotive Engineering usually requires 3 A-level passes in Maths, Physics and Chemistry/Technical Drawing/Computing Science.

4. Biomedical Engineer

Biomedical engineering is an exciting engineering field that involves the use of biology, medicine and engineering to analyze and design solutions that will improve patient care in hospitals. Biomedical engineers design, develop, install, maintain, evaluate and repair biomedical equipment, such as MRIs, diagnostic machines, biomedical softwares and artificial organs.

They train healthcare personnel on the proper use of biomedical technology and also prepare research papers and technical reports for students, colleagues, scientists, clinicians, management and the general public.

Read more: Choosing A Career In Biomedical Engineering

5. Chemical Engineer

Chemical engineers study the interactions of individual atoms and molecules that make up chemicals in order to research and develop new materials that are useful in fields such as nanotechnology, energy storage, computing, food manufacture, clothes manufacture, etc. They also develop safety protocols and maintain standard processes in the chemical industry to ensure compliance with environmental and safety regulations.

An entry-level chemical engineer usually requires a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering or a related field. To study for an undergraduate degree in chemical engineering, you require A-level passes in Mathematics, Chemistry and another sciences subject.

BSc Honours Chemical Engineering usually requires 3 A-level passes in Maths, Chemistry and Physics/Technical Drawing/Computing
Science.


6. Civil Engineer

Civil engineers specialize in designing, constructing and testing roads, bridges, tunnels, dams, airports and buildings. Civil engineers are usually employed by the government for designing and developing cities or towns. They work with and supervise construction teams.

Civil engineers have great responsibilities, such as ensuring that every structure built is environmentally compliant and can withstand natural disasters such as earthquakes, cyclones and hurricanes. For every structure that is to be constructed they analyze soil structure to determine the most effective building type and building materials needed to ensure compliance with all regulations.

BSc Honours Civil Engineering usually requires A-level passes in Maths,Physics and Chemistry/Technical Drawing/Computing Science.

7. Electrical Engineer

Electrical engineers work with electrical power supply and generation systems. They design, develop, test, improve and supervise electrical equipment. They are also capable of handling responsibilities like wiring buildings, automobiles and aircraft. Electrical engineers work together with other engineers such as construction, aeronautical, automotive, computer engineer due to the extensive nature of their training. Electrical engineers regularly seek to improve the efficiency of existing electrical systems.

BSc Honours Electrical and Electronic Engineering requires A-level passes in Maths, Physics and Chemistry/Technical Drawing/Computing
Science

8. Geological Engineer

Geological engineering relies on earth sciences such as geology,civil engineering, mining, forestry and geography to solve human problems. Geological engineers studies of rock and soil profiles for construction projects, environmental studies, groundwater studies and hazard investigations.

BSc Honours Mining and Geological Engineering requires 3 A-level passes in Maths,Physics and Chemistry/Technical Drawing/Computing
Science

9. Mechanical Engineer

Mechanical engineers work with systems that involve motion, energy and force to design, develop and test mechanical devices that power the human society. Their design, develop and test mechanical tools and mechanical technologies through drafting blueprints, creating prototypes and testing theories.

BSc Honours Mechanical Engineering requires A-level passes in Maths, Physics and Chemistry/Technical Drawing/Computing Science


10. Petroleum Engineer

Petroleum engineers specialize in designing and developing technology and methods for extracting oil and gas from the earth’s crust. They also experiment and improve new techniques for accessing oil wells. Petroleum engineers work closely with geologists and geological engineers in drilling operations.


Sydney Chako

Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics teacher at Sytech Learning Academy. From Junior Secondary School to Tertiary Level Engineering Mathematics and Engineering Science.

Subscribe
Notify of
guest

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments